Kunal Karan


Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

Associate Director

Calgary Advanced Energy Storage & Conversion Research


University of Calgary, 1998


University of Calgary, 1994


Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), 1992

Contact information


Office: 403.220.5754

Web presence

Personal website


Energy, Environment, Experiential Learning Building : EEEL453A


Research areas

  • Catalysis
  • Fuel cells

Research activities

Nano-fabrication/multi-technique characterization of supported polymer films

Nano-structure/function/properties correlation of ion conducting polymer (e.g., Nafion®)

Nano-scale characterization and functional properties of electron conducting polymer (e.g. PEDOT:PSS)

Nano-engineered, structured electrodes for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFCs)

Mathematical modelling of fuel cells

Pore architecture Model of PEMFC Catalyst Layer


View my Google Scholar profile


Ozhukil Kollat, V., Liang, Y., Mayer, F. D., Ma, X., Korzeniewski, C., & Karan, K. (2018). Journal of Physical Chemistry C. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b02473 
On the evaluation of the viscosity of nanofluid systems: Modeling and data assessment.

Jayasankar, B., & Karan, K. (2018). Electrochimica Acta. DOI:10.1016/j.electacta.2018.03.191 
O2 electrochemistry on Pt: A unified multi-step model for oxygen reduction and oxide growth.

Hemmati-Sarapardeh, A., Varamesh, A., Husein, M. M., & Karan, K. (2018). Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews81, 313-329. 
On the evaluation of the viscosity of nanofluid systems: Modeling and data assessment.

Khetani, S., Ozhukil Kollath, V., Kundra, V., Nguyen, M., Debert, C., Sen, A., Karan, K. & Sanati-Nezhad, A. (2018).  ACS Sensors, DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.8b00076.

Polyethylenimine Modified Graphene-oxide Electrochemical Immunosensor for the Detection of Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in Central Nervous System Injury.


Karkevandi-Talkhooncheh, A., Hajirezaie, S., Hemmati-Sarapardeh, A., Husein, M. M., Karan, K., & Sharifi, M. (2017). Fuel205, 34-45. 
Application of adaptive neuro fuzzy interface system optimized with evolutionary algorithms for modeling CO2-crude oil minimum miscibility pressure.

Karan, K. (2017). Current Opinion in Electrochemistry, 5(1), 27-35. 
PEFC catalyst layer: Recent advances in materials, microstructural characterization, and modeling.

Platnich, C. M., Banerjee, A., Ozhukil Kollath, V., Karan, K. & Trudel, S. (2018). Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 96(2), 190-195. 
Thiol-Ene Click Microcontact Printing of Gold Nanoparticles onto Silicon Surfaces.

Ozhukil Kollath, V., Arjmand, M., Egberts, P., Sundararaj, U. & Karan, K. (2017). RSC Advances7(52), 32564-32573.
Quantitative analysis of nanoscale electrical properties of CNT/PVDF nanocomposites by current sensing AFM.


Ozhukil Kollath, V., & Karan, K. (2016) Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics18(37), 26144-26150.
New molecular scale insights into the ?-transition of Nafion® thin films from variable temperature ATR-FTIR spectroscopy.

Payne, A. J., Hendsbee, A. D., McAfee, S. M., Paul, D. K., Karan, K., & Welch, G. C. (2016)  Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics18(21), 14709-14719.
Synthesis and structure–property relationships of phthalimide and naphthalimide based organic ?-conjugated small molecules.

Paul, D. K., Shim, H. K. K., Giorgi, J. B., & Karan, K. (2016). Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics54(13), 1267-1277.
Thickness dependence of thermally induced changes in surface and bulk properties of Nafion® nanofilms.2015

66. Shim, K., Paul, D. K., & Karan, K. (2015) Macromolecules, 48 (22), 8394–8397. 
Resolving the contradiction between anomalously high water uptake and low conductivity of nanothin Nafion films on SiO2 substrate.

Shukla, S., Domican, K., Karan, K., Bhattacharjee, S., & Secanell, M. (2015). Electrochimica Acta, 156, 289-300.
Analysis of Low Platinum Loading Thin Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Electrodes Prepared by Inkjet Printing.

De Almeida, N. E., Paul, D. K., Karan, K., & Goward, G. R. (2015). The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119(3), 1280-1285.
1H Solid-State NMR Study of Nanothin Nafion Films.


63. Paul, D. K., & Karan, K. (2014). The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 118(4), 1828-1835.
Conductivity and Wettability Changes of Ultrathin Nafion Films Subjected to Thermal Annealing and Liquid Water Exposure .

Kusoglu, A., Kushner, D., Paul, D. K., Karan, K., Hickner, M. A., & Weber, A. Z. (2014). Advanced Functional Materials, 24(30), 4763-4774.
Impact of Substrate and Processing on Confinement of Nafion Thin Films.

Paul, D. K., McCreery, R., & Karan, K. (2014). Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161(14), F1395-F1402.
Proton Transport Property in Supported Nafion Nanothin Films by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy.


Arulmozhi, N., Kan, W. H., Thangadurai, V., & Karan, K. (2013). Kinetics and thermodynamics of carbonation of a promising SOFC cathode material La 0.5 Ba 0.5 CoO 3? ? (LBC). Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1(47), 15117-15127

Paul, D. K., Karan, K., Docoslis, A., Giorgi, J. B., & Pearce, J. (2013). Characteristics of self-assembled ultrathin Nafion films. Macromolecules, 46(9), 3461-3475

Modestino, M. A., Paul, D. K., Dishari, S., Petrina, S. A., Allen, F. I., Hickner, M. A., Karan, K., Segalman, R.A. & Weber, A. Z. (2013). Self-assembly and transport limitations in confined Nafion films. Macromolecules, 46(3), 867-873

Mulone, V., & Karan, K. (2013). Analysis of capillary flow driven model for water transport in PEFC cathode catalyst layer: Consideration of mixed wettability and pore size distribution. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(1), 558-569

Paul, D. K., Giorgi, J. B., & Karan, K. (2013). Chemical and Ionic Conductivity Degradation of Ultra-Thin Ionomer Film by X-ray Beam Exposure. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 160(4), F464-F469


Malevich, D., Jayasankar, B. R., Halliop, E., Pharoah, J. G., Peppley, B. A., & Karan, K. (2012). On the determination of PEM fuel cell catalyst layer resistance from impedance measurement in h2/n2 cells. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 159(12), F888-F895

Kondakindi, R. R., Karan, K., & Peppley, B. A. (2012). A simple and efficient preparation of LaFeO 3 nanopowders by glycine–nitrate process: effect of glycine concentration. Ceramics International, 38(1), 449-456


Amin, R., Kenney, B., & Karan, K. (2011). Characterizations of LBC-GDC composite cathodes for Low temperature SOFCs. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158(9), B1076-B1082

Paul, D. K., Fraser, A., & Karan, K. (2011). Towards the understanding of proton conduction mechanism in PEMFC catalyst layer: Conductivity of adsorbed Nafion films. Electrochemistry Communications, 13(8), 774-777

Saha, M. S., Malevich, D., Halliop, E., Pharoah, J. G., Peppley, B. A., & Karan, K. (2011). Electrochemical activity and catalyst utilization of low Pt and thickness controlled membrane electrode assemblies. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 158(5), B562-B567

Gunda, N. S. K., Choi, H. W., Berson, A., Kenney, B., Karan, K., Pharoah, J. G., & Mitra, S. K. (2011). Focused ion beam-scanning electron microscopy on solid-oxide fuel-cell electrode: Image analysis and computing effective transport properties. Journal of Power Sources, 196(7), 3592-3603


Kenney, B., & Karan, K. (2010). Estimation of chemical and transport processes in porous, stoichiometric LSM cathodes using steady-state polarization and impedance modeling. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 157(8), B1126-B1137)

Monder, D. S., & Karan, K. (2010). Ab Initio Adsorption Thermodynamics of H2S and H2 on Ni (111): The Importance of Thermal Corrections and Multiple Reaction Equilibria. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114(51), 22597-22602

Isaza, P. A., Daugulis, A. J., & Karan, K. (2010). Mass transport and thermodynamic analysis of PAHs in partitioning systems in the presence and absence of ultrasonication. AIChE journal, 56(10), 2717-2726

Amin, R., & Karan, K. (2010). Characterization of La0. 5Ba0. 5CoO3? ? as a SOFC Cathode Material. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 157(2), B285-B291)

Kondakindi, R. R., Kundu, A., Karan, K., Peppley, B. A., Qi, A., Thurgood, C., & Schurer, P. (2010). Characterization and activity of perovskite catalysts for autothermal reforming of dodecane. Applied Catalysis A: General, 390(1), 271-280

Missan, H. P. S., Lalia, B. S., Karan, K., & Maxwell, A. (2010). Polymer–ionic liquid nano-composites electrolytes: Electrical, thermal and morphological properties. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 175(2), 143-149

Saha, M. S., Paul, D. K., Peppley, B. A., & Karan, K. (2010). Fabrication of catalyst-coated membrane by modified decal transfer technique. Electrochemistry Communications, 12(3), 410-413

Parmar, R. D., Kundu, A., Thurgood, C., Peppley, B. A., & Karan, K. (2010). Kinetic studies of the autothermal reforming of tetradecane over Pt/Al 2 O 3 catalyst in a fixed-bed reactor. Fuel, 89(6), 1212-1220


Parmar, R. D., Kundu, A., & Karan, K. (2009). Thermodynamic analysis of diesel reforming process: mapping of carbon formation boundary and representative independent reactions. Journal of Power Sources, 194(2), 1007-1020

Kenney, B., Valdmanis, M., Baker, C., Pharoah, J. G., & Karan, K. (2009). Computation of TPB length, surface area and pore size from numerical reconstruction of composite solid oxide fuel cell electrodes. Journal of Power Sources, 189(2), 1051-1059

Kondakindi, R. R., & Karan, K. (2009). Characterization of Fe-and Mn-doped GDC for low-temperature processing of solid oxide fuel cells. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 115(2), 728-734

Lo, C. T. F., Karan, K., & Davis, B. R. (2009). Kinetic assessment of catalysts for the methanolysis of sodium borohydride for hydrogen generation. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 48(11), 5177-5184

Malevich, D., Halliop, E., Peppley, B. A., Pharoah, J. G., & Karan, K. (2009). Investigation of charge-transfer and mass-transport resistances in PEMFCs with microporous layer using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 156(2), B216-B224

Rudrake, A., Karan, K., & Horton, J. H. (2009). A combined QCM and XPS investigation of asphaltene adsorption on metal surfaces. Journal of colloid and interface science, 332(1), 22-31

Lankin, M. K., & Karan, K. (2009). Effect of Processing Conditions on Curvature of Anode/Electrolyte SOFC Half-Cells Fabricated by Electrophoretic Deposition. Journal of fuel cell science and technology, 6(2), 021001

Harvey, D., Pharoah, J. G., & Karan, K. (2008). A comparison of different approaches to modelling the PEMFC catalyst layer. Journal of Power Sources, 179(1), 209-219

Kundu, S., Karan, K., Fowler, M., Simon, L. C., Peppley, B., & Halliop, E. (2008). Influence of micro-porous layer and operating conditions on the fluoride release rate and degradation of PEMFC membrane electrode assemblies. Journal of Power Sources, 179(2), 693-699

Secanell, M., Karan, K., Suleman, A., & Djilali, N. (2008). Optimal design of ultralow-platinum PEMFC anode electrodes. Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 155(2), B125-B134

Secanell, M., Karan, K., Suleman, A., & Djilali, N. (2007). Multi-variable optimization of PEMFC cathodes using an agglomerate model. Electrochimica Acta, 52(22), 6318-6337

Atiyeh, H. K., Karan, K., Peppley, B., Phoenix, A., Halliop, E., & Pharoah, J. (2007). Experimental investigation of the role of a microporous layer on the water transport and performance of a PEM fuel cell. Journal of Power Sources, 170(1), 111-121

Lo, C. T. F., Karan, K., & Davis, B. R. (2007). Kinetic studies of reaction between sodium borohydride and methanol, water, and their mixtures. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 46(17), 5478-5484

Kenney, B., & Karan, K. (2007). Engineering of microstructure and design of a planar porous composite SOFC cathode: a numerical analysis. Solid State Ionics, 178(3), 297-306

Karan, K. (2007). Assessment of transport-limited catalyst utilization for engineering of ultra-low Pt loading polymer electrolyte fuel cell anode. Electrochemistry Communications, 9(4), 747-753)

Karan, K., Atiyeh, H., Phoenix, A., Halliop, E., Pharoah, J., & Peppley, B. (2007). An experimental investigation of water transport in PEMFCs the role of microporous layers. Electrochemical and solid-state letters, 10(2), B34-B38

Wheeldon, I., Caners, C., Karan, K., & Peppley, B. (2007). Utilization of biogas generated from Ontario wastewater treatment plants in solid oxide fuel cell systems: a process modeling study. International journal of green energy, 4(2), 221-231

Qi, A., Peppley, B., & Karan, K. (2007). Integrated fuel processors for fuel cell application: A review. Fuel Processing Technology, 88(1), 3-22

Pharoah, J. G., Karan, K., & Sun, W. (2006). On effective transport coefficients in PEM fuel cell electrodes: Anisotropy of the porous transport layers. Journal of Power Sources, 161(1), 214-224

Zougari, M., Jacobs, S., Ratulowski, J., Hammami, A., Broze, G., Flannery, M., Stankiezicz, A. & Karan, K. (2006). Novel organic solids deposition and control device for live-oils: design and applications. Energy & Fuels, 20(4), 1656-1663

Kenney, B., & Karan, K. (2006). Impact of Nonuniform Potential in SOFC Composite Cathodes on the Determination of Electrochemical Kinetic Parameters A Numerical Analysis. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 153(6), A1172-A1180

Reddy, K. R., & Karan, K. (2005). Sinterability, mechanical, microstructural, and electrical properties of gadolinium-doped ceria electrolyte for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells. Journal of Electroceramics, 15(1), 45-56

Sun, W., Peppley, B., & Karan, K. (2005). Influence of gas diffusion layer and channel geometry parameters on catalyst performance: investigation using a 2-D model. Journal of Power Sources, 144, 42-53

Sun, W., Peppley, B. A., & Karan, K. (2005). An improved two-dimensional agglomerate cathode model to study the influence of catalyst layer structural parameters. Electrochimica acta, 50(16), 3359-3374

Karan, K., Mehrotra, A. K., & Behie, L. A. (2005). Thermal decomposition of carbonyl sulfide at temperatures encountered in the front end of modified Claus plants. Chem. Eng. Comm., 192(3), 370-385

Yao, K. Z., Karan, K., McAuley, K. B., Oosthuizen, P., Peppley, B., & Xie, T. (2004). A review of mathematical models for hydrogen and direct methanol polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. Fuel cells, 4(1?2), 3-29

Karan, K., & Behie, L. A. (2004). CS2 formation in the Claus reaction furnace: A kinetic study of methane-sulfur and methane-hydrogen sulfide reactions. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 43(13), 3304-3313

Karan, K., Hammami, A., Flannery, M., & Artur Stankiewicz, B. (2003). Evaluation of asphaltene instability and a chemical control during production of live oils. Petroleum science and technology, 21(3-4), 629-645

Abraham, T., Christendat, D., Karan, K., Xu, Z., & Masliyah, J. (2002). Asphaltene-silica interactions in aqueous solutions: direct force measurements combined with electrokinetic studies. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 41(9), 2170-2177

Chin, H. S., Karan, K., Mehrotra, A. K., & Behie, L. A. (2001). The fate of methane in a Claus plant reaction furnace. Canadian journal of chemical engineering, 79(4), 482-490

Heidemann, R. A., Phoenix, A. V., Karan, K., & Behie, L. A. (2001). A chemical equilibrium equation of state model for elemental sulfur and sulfur-containing fluids. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 40(9), 2160-2167

Karan, K., Mehrotra, A. K., & Behie, L. A. (1999). On reaction kinetics for the thermal decomposition of hydrogen sulfide. AIChE journal, 45(2), 383-389

Karan, K., Mehrotra, A. K., & Behie, L. A. (1999). A high-temperature experimental and modeling study of homogeneous gas-phase COS reactions applied to Claus plants. Chemical engineering science, 54(15), 2999-3006

Karan, K., Mehrotra, A. K., & Behie, L. A. (1999). Use of new reaction kinetics for COS formation to achieve reduced sulfur emissions from Claus plants. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 77(2), 392-398

Karan, K., Mehrotra, A. K., & Behie, L. A. (1998). COS-forming reaction between CO and sulfur: A high-temperature intrinsic kinetics study. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 37(12), 4609-4616

Karan, K., Heidemann, R. A., & Behie, L. A. (1998). Sulfur solubility in sour gas: predictions with an equation of state model. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 37(5), 1679-1684

Mehrotra, A. K., Karan, K., & Chakma, A. (1996). Model for in situ air stripping of contaminated soils: Effects of hydrocarbon adsorption. Energy sources, 18(1), 21-36

Mehrotra, A. K., Karan, K., & Behie, L. A. (1995). Estimate gas emissivities for equipment and process design. Chemical Engineering Progress, 92 (9), 70-77

Karan, K., Chakma, A., & Mehrotra, A. K. (1995). Air stripping of hydrocarbon?contaminated soils: Investigation of mass transfer effects. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 73(2), 196-203)

Karan, K., Mehrotra, A. K., & Behie, L. A. (1994). Including radiative heat transfer and reaction quenching in modeling a Claus plant waste heat boiler. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 33(11), 2651-2655

Nasato, L. V., Karan, K., Mehrotra, A. K., & Behie, L. A. (1994). Modeling reaction quench times in the waste heat boiler of a Claus plant. Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 33(1), 7-13