PhD (Mechanical Engineering)
MASc (Mechanical Engineering)
Preferred method of communication
Research and teaching
- Energy engineering - Hydrogen as an energy vector: safety
- Engineering for the environment - Hydrogen safety
- Combustion and explosions - Detonation waves (with application in aerospace propulsion)
- Thermoacoustics and pulse-tube cryrefrigerators
1. Hydrogen safety
Analysis and computational fluid dynamics applied to combustion and reacting flows. Detonations, combustion instabilities, reactive acoustics, combustion in porous media. Numerical simulation of two- and three-dimensional detonations. Deflagration-to-detonation transition, ignition and hot spot formation are being studied using techniques such as high activation energy asymptotics.
2. Aerospace applications of detonation wave
Similar issues as above but applied to high speed propulsion
3. Thermoacoustics and pulse tube refrigeration
Pulse-tube refrigerators, thermoacoustics, and more generally, pulsating flows in porous media with heat transfer and pressure oscillations. Analysis of oscillating flow with large pressure fluctuation with heat transfer in narrow flow passages, with extremities at different temperatures, with application to thermoacoustic and Stirling engines and refrigerators.
After an undergraduate degree in Belgium, Professor Bauwens did an MASc at the University of British Columbia in 1986 and a PhD at the University of California at Berkeley in 1989, both in mechanical engineering. He has been at the University of Calgary since 1992 and was promoted to professor in 1999. From 2013 to 2017, he served as the president of the Institute for the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems.
Bourgin, E., Alves, M.M., Yang, C., Fachini, F.F. and Bauwens, L., Effects of Lewis Number and Kinetics on Spontaneous Ignition of Hydrogen Jets, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2015.
Ma, L., Weisman, C., Baltean Carls, D., Delbende, I. and Bauwens, L., Effect of a resistive load on the starting performance of a standing wave thermoacoustic engine: a numerical study, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 138, pp. 847-857, 2015.
Melguizo-Gavilanes, J. and Bauwens, L., Shock initiated ignition for hydrogen mixtures of different concentrations, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2013, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.03.018.
Bauwens, L. and Dorofeev, S., Editorial: Selected topics from the 23rd International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems, Irvine, California,USA, July 2429, 2011, Shock Waves, Vol. 23, No. 3, p. 189, 2013.
Melguizo-Gavilanes, J. and Bauwens, L., Shock tube experiments: a comparison between spatially resolved results from numerical simulation and constant volume induction times. Shock Waves, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 221-231, 2013.
Fachini, F.F. and Bauwens, L., Oscillatory Flame Propagation: Coupling with the Acoustic Field, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol 34, pp. 2043-2048, 2013.
Melguizo-Gavilanes, J. and Bauwens, L., Shock-induced ignition with three-step chain- branching kinetics, Science and Technology of Energetic Materials, Vol. 72, No. 6, pp. 169-173, 2011.
Meguizo-Gavilanes, J., Rezaeyan, N., Tian, M. and Bauwens, L., Shock-Induced Ignition with Single Step Arrhenius Kinetics, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.04.138, Vol. 36, pp. 2374-2380, 2011.
Hireche, O., Weisman, C., Baltean Carles, D., Le Quéré, P. and Bauwens, L., Low Mach number analysis of idealized thermoacoustic engines with numerical solution, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 128, No. 6, pp. 3438-3448, 2010.
Meguizo-Gavilanes, J., Rezaeyan, N., Lopez-Aoyagi, M. and Bauwens, L., Simulation of Shock-Initiated Ignition, Shock Waves, doi:10.1007/s00193-010-0255-1, Vol. 20, No. 6, pp. 467-478, 2010.
Jordan, Thomas, Adams, P., Azkarate, I., Baraldi, D., Barthelemy, H., Bauwens, L., Bengaouer, A., Brennan, S., Carcassi, M., Dahoe, A., Eisenreich, N.m Engebo, A., Funnemark, E., Gallego, E., Gavrikov, A., Haland, E., Hansen, A.M., Haugom, G. P., Hawksworth, S., Jedicke, O., Kessler, A., Kotchourko, A., Kumar, S., Langer, G., Ledin, S., Makarov, D., Maragon, A., Markert, F., Middha, P., Molkov, V., Nilsen, S., Papanikolaou, E., Perrette, L., Reineke, E. A., Schmidtchen, U., Serre- Combe, P., Stoeklin, M., Sully, A., Teodorczyk, A., Tigreat, D., Venetsanos, A., Verfondern, K., Versloot, N., Venere, A., Wilms, M. and Zaretskyi, N., Achievements of the EC Network of Excellence HySafe, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.05.087, Vol. 36, pp. 2656-2665, 2011.
Hireche, O., Weisman, C., Baltean Carles, D., Le Quéré, P., Francois, M.X. and Bauwens, L., Numerical Model of a Thermoacoustic Engine, Comptes rendus Mecanique,doi:10.1016/j.crme.2009.12.006, Vol. 338, pp. 18-23, 2010.
Bauwens, L., Bauwens, C.R.L. and Wierzba, I., Oscillating flames: multiple-scale analysis, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A, doi:10.1098/rspa.2008.0388, Vol. 465, No. 2107, pp. 2089-2110, 2009.
Bédard-Tremblay, L., Fang, L., Melguizo-Gavilanes, J., Bauwens, L., Finstad, P.H.E., Cheng, Z. and Tchouvelev, A.V., Simulation of Detonation after an Accidental Hydrogen Release in Enclosed Environments, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.01.097, Vol. 34, No. 14, pp. 5894-5901, 2009.
Bédard-Tremblay, L., Melguizo-Gavilanes, J. and Bauwens, L., Detonation Structure under Chain-Branching Kinetics with Small Initiation Rate, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, doi:10.1016/j.proci.2008.05.049, Vol. 32, pp. 2339-2347, 2009.
Bédard-Tremblay, L., Fang, L., Bauwens, L., Cheng, Z. and Tchouvelev, A.V., Numerical Simulation of Hydrogen Detonation for Damage Assessment in Realistic Accident Scenarios, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2007.06.011, 2007.
Liang, Z., Bédard-Tremblay, L. and Bauwens, L., Structure of Planar Detonation Waves under Chain Branching Kinetics for Large Activation Energy and Small Initiation Rate, Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2007.03.005, 2007.
Bauwens, C.R.L., Bauwens, L. and Wierzba, I., Accelerating Flames in Tubes - An Analysis, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 31, pp. 2381-2388, 2007.
Liang, Z. and Bauwens, L., Detonation Structure under Chain Branching Kinetics, Shock Waves, Vol. 15, No. 3-4, pp. 247-257, 2006.
Liang, Z. and Bauwens, L., Cell Structure and Stability of Detonations with a Pressure Dependent Chain-Branching Reaction Rate Model, Combustion Theory and Modelling, Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 93-112, 2005.
Liang, Z, Khastoo, B. and Bauwens, L., Effect of Reaction Order on Stability of Planar Detonation Waves, International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 131-142, 2005.
Liang, Z and Bauwens, L., Detonation Structure with Pressure Dependent Chain-Branching Kinetics, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 30, pp. 1879-1887, 2005.
Bauwens, L. and Liang, Z., Shock Formation Ahead of Hot Spots, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 29, pp. 2795-2802, 2002.
Mayzus, P, Fang, L., Deng, X., Fauvel, O.R. and Bauwens, L., Pressure Gradients in the Regenerator and Overall Pulse-Tube Refrigerator Performance, AIAA Journal, Vol. 40, No. 9, pp. 1897-1906, 2002.
Bauwens, L., Ignition between a Shock and a Contact Surface - Influence of the Downstream Temperature, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 28, pp. 653-661, 2000.
Bauwens, L., Williams, D. N. and Nikolic, M., Failure and Reignition of One-Dimensional Detonations - The High Activation Energy Limit, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 27, pp. 2319-2326, 1998.
Bauwens, L., Thermoacoustics: Transient regimes and singular temperature profiles, Physics of Fluids, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 807-818, 1998.
Williams, D. N., Luc Bauwens and Elaine S. Oran, Detailed Structure and Propagation of Three-Dimensional Detonations, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, V. 26, pp. 2991-2998, 1997.
Bauwens, L., Oscillating flow of a heat-conducting fluid in a narrow tube, Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 324, pp. 135-161, October 10, 1996.
Williams, D.N., L. Bauwens and E. S. Oran, A Numerical Study of the Mechanisms of Self-Reignition in Low-Overdrive Detonations, Shock Waves, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 93-110, 1996.
Associate fellow, AIAA, 2007
President, IDERS, Seattle, 2013-2017