BSc (with distinction)
- Advanced composite materials in masonry
- Seismic masonry research
- Structural health monitoring
- CFRP post-tensioned masonry
Advanced composite materials in masonry
Advanced Composite Materials (ACMs) offer several advantages over traditional materials. For example they are corrosion free and can easily be produced in any shape. These new materials can potentially be used to make masonry connectors that will have greater durability. Research is being carried out to examine existing reinforcing details and connector types and to develop materials for these purposes using ACM's. The goal of this research is to further the use of ACM's in masonry structures in Canada and possibly improve the seismic response of building components and their connections. Currently GFRP (Glass Fibre Re-inforced Polymer) reinforcment and connectors are being tested.
Earthquake-safe low-cost housing
The research will be looking into possible solutions for using native materials to produce low cost housing that will resist seismic and storm loads. This is very important because in many regions of the world people live in poorly constructed masonry housing. Recent history shows that massive loss of life occurs in large part due to the collapse of residential structures. The solutions generated from this research will be used in new construction or to retrofit existing structures, providing low cost, low tech solutions to the people who need it most.
Structural health monitoring
This practice is gaining popularity as an efficient means of proactively maintaining structures and eliminating costly repairs after deterioration has already occurred. The use of non- corrosive materials, such as advanced composite materials, in partnership with a MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) monitoring system is a way to improve the sustainability of concrete and masonry structures. Research into the use of these systems in masonry structures is very limited and requires further investigation.
Seismic masonry research
Research into using Structural Health Monitoring systems to detect damage following an earthquake will soon be underway. Usually, unreinforced masonry structures perform poorly under earthquake conditions. The structures normally fail in the wall to wall and wall to roof connections. Currently, survivability and economic repercussions are a concern when dealing with seismic events. Further evaluation of the performance of masonry structures that incorporate new materials and technologies, such as structural health monitoring, during seismic events will be carried out.
CFRP post-tensioned masonry
The goal of this research is to prove, beyond a shadow of a doubt that these structures are a viable and durable structural system. Two demonstration walls have been built outside the CCIT building on the University of Calgary campus. Data on these walls is periodically being collected and results show that envorinmental loads can be very significant. These are the first brick masonry diaphragm walls in the world to be post tensioned using Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) tendons. The tendons and other aspects of the walls are being monitored to better establish the effects of creep in masonry under real climatic conditions. The main goal for this research is for brick masonry to no longer be considered as expensive wallpaper, to prove that it is a viable structural material. No longer should reinforced concrete and steel structures hog all of the glory. Brick masonry has been around since the dawn of time and it's about time for it to be considered for use in modern structures. After all would you rather look at a cold, gray concrete structure or a vibrant, warm, textured brick structure. "Build it Better with Brick."
Dr. Lissel joined the department in 2001 after being awarded an NSERC University Faculty Award. Her research interests are in the general area of Structural Engineering, focusing on behaviour and design of masonry structures. Her current research focuses on the uses of new technologies and materials in masonry structures.
Gayevoy, A., and Lissel, S.L., Monitoring of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Prestressed Masonry Diaphragm Retaining Walls, In Press, Jan 2008 by Masonry International.
Choi, K.-K., Lissel, S.L., and Reda Taha, M.M., Rheological Modeling Of Masonry Creep, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 35, No.1, 2008.
Hagel, M.D., Lissel, S.L., and Sturgeon, G.R., Comparison of Theoretical and Empirically Determined Service Life for Wall Ties in Brick Veneer Steel Stud Wall Systems, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 35, No.1, 2008.
Reda Taha, M.M., Choi, K.-K., Tait, M., and Lissel, S.L., On Modelling Time Dependent Deformations of a Masonry Wall Post-Tensioned Using CFRP, "Case Histories and Use of FRP for Prestressing Applications". Editors Raafat El-Hacha and Sami Rizkalla, ACI Special Publication SP-245, pp. 37-56, 2007.
Maurice, S.A., and Lissel, S.L., Evaluating Online Testing Technology. International Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 22, No. 4, Pt II, pp. 839-848, 2006.
Lissel, S.L., Shrive, N.G., and Gilliland, J., Design Of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Post-Tensioned Masonry Diaphragm Retaining Walls. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 32, pp. 579-594, 2005.
Lissel, S.L., Shrive, N.G., and Page, A.W., Shear in Plain, Bed Joint Reinforced and Post-tensioned Masonry. Cdn Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 27, pp. 1021-1030, 2000.
Sayed-Ahmed, E.Y., Lissel, S.L., Tadros, G. and Shrive, N.G., Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) Post-Tensioned Masonry Diaphragm Walls: Prestressing, Behaviour and Design Recommendations. Cdn J. of Civil Engg., Vol. 26, Num. 3, pp. 324-344, 1999.
Lissel, S.L., Behaviour and Design of CFRP Post-Tensioned Masonry Diaphragm Walls, August 2001, 170 p., Ph.D. Dissertation.
Peer-reviewed conference papers
Sadek, H., and Lissel, S.L., Seismic Performance Of Masonry Walls With Gfrp And Geogrid Bed Joint Reinforcement, Accepted, 8th International Seminar on Structural Masonry, Istanbul, Turkey, November 2008.
Moroz, J.G., and Lissel, S.L., Life Cycle Assessment of Traditional vs Indigenous Materials, Proceedings, 14thInternational Brick/Block Masonry Conference (14IBMaC), Sydney, Australia, Feb 2008.
Hagel, M.D., and Lissel, S.L., Instantaneous Corrosion Rates of Ties Embedded in Mortar Joints of Brick Veneer Walls Using the Linear Polarization Technique, Proceedings, 14thInternational Brick/Block Masonry Conference (14IBMaC), Sydney, Australia, Feb 2008.
Tait, M., Couloigner, I., Lissel, S., and Guzman, M., Vison based deformation monitoring of a masonry wall under simulated earthquake conditions, Proceedings, 15th European Signal Processing Conference, Poznan, Poland, September 2007.
Hagel, M.D., and Lissel, S.L., Corrosion Fatigue Of Corrugated Strip Ties In Brick Veneer Wall Systems, Proceedings, 10thNorth American Masonry Conference (10NAMC), St. Louis, MO, USA, June 2007, 12 p. (on CD).
Moroz, J.G., and Lissel, S.L., Deterioration Assessment & Structural Restoration Techniques For Historically Sensitive Constructions - A State-Of-The-Art Report, Proceedings, 10thNorth American Masonry Conference (10NAMC), St. Louis, MO, USA, June 2007, 12 p. (on CD).
Guzman, M.J., and Lissel, S.L., The Source Of Canadian Design Standard Requirements For Shear Design In Beams. Proceedings, 10th Canadian Masonry Symposium, Banff, Canada, June 2005, pp. 281- 290.
Hagel, M.D., and Lissel, S.L., Empirical Vs. Theoretical Service Life For Wall Ties In Brick Veneer Steel Stud Wall Systems. Proceedings, 10th Canadian Masonry Symposium, Banff, Canada, June 2005, pp. 92-101.
winner - C.T. Grimm Award for the best paper related to the durability of masonry
Gayevoy, A., and Lissel, S.L., Strain Reading Correction For Apparent Strain And Thermal Expansion Coefficient Of Masonry And Brick. Proceedings, 10th Canadian Masonry Symposium, Banff, Canada, June 2005, pp. 646 - 655.
Lissel, S.L., Reda Taha, M.M, and Tait, M., Deflection Predictions for Masonry Retaining Walls. Proceedings, 7thAustralasian Masonry Conference, Newcastle, Australia, July 2004, pp. 456-465.
Gayevoy, A., and Lissel, S.L., Monitoring Of CFRP Prestressed Masonry Walls. Proceedings, 13th International Brick/Block Masonry Conference, Amsterdam, July 2004, pp. 555-564.
Hagel, M.D., Lissel, S.L., and Brown, T.G., Design Of A Seismic Simulation Frame For Testing Of Masonry Structures, Proceedings, 13th International Brick/Block Masonry Conference, Amsterdam, July 2004, pp. 1029-1038.
Adnan, M.A., and Lissel, S.L., Analysis Of Masonry Shear Strength Tests Using Fracture Mechanics, Proceedings, 13thInternational Brick/Block Masonry Conference, Amsterdam, July 2004, pp. 1187-1196.
Lissel, S.L., and Brown, T.G., Issues Surrounding The Development Of Low-Cost, Earthquake Safe, Housing. Proceedings, 9th North American Masonry Conference, South Carolina, USA, June 2003, pp. 192-203.
Lissel, S.L., and Shrive, N.G., Construction Of Diaphragm Walls Post-Tensioned With Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer Tendons. Proceedings, 9th North American Masonry Conference, South Carolina, USA, June 2003, pp.358-369.
Lissel, S.L., and Gayevoy, A., The Use Of FRPs In Masonry: A State Of The Art Review. Proceedings, Int'l Conference on Performance of Construction Materials, Cairo, Egypt, February 2003, pp. 1243-1252.
Lissel, S.L., Gilliland, J., and Shrive, N.G., Design of Two Demonstration CFRP-Post-Tensioned Masonry Diaphragm Retaining Walls. Proceedings, 6th International Masonry Conference, London, UK, November 2002, pp. 272-277.
Lissel, S.L., Gilliland, J., and Shrive, N.G., Structural Health Monitoring Of Two Masonry Walls. Proceedings, ISIS Canada Structural Health Monitoring Workshop, Winnipeg, Canada, September, 2002, pp. 477-486.
Shrive, N.G., Masia, M.J., and Lissel, S.L., Strengthening and Rehabilitation of Masonry Using Fibre Reinforced Polymers. Proceedings, 3rd Int'l Seminar on Historical Constructions 2001, Guimarães, Portugal, November 2001, pp. 1047-1056.
Lissel, S.L., Tilleman, D., and Shrive, N.G., Racking Tests on Prestressed Masonry Diaphragm Walls. Proceedings, Composites in Construction (International Conference), Porto, Portugal, October 2001. pp. 415-420.
Lissel, S.L., and Shrive, N.G., Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Shear Connectors for Masonry. Proceedings, 9thCanadian Masonry Symposium, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, June 2001, 10 p. (on CD).
Lissel, S.L., Simundic, G., Page, A.W., and Shrive, N.G., Improving the Shear Resistance of Masonry. Proceedings, 12th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference (12IBMAC), Madrid, Spain, June 2000, pp. 1075-1084.
Lissel, S.L., Sayed-Ahmed, E.Y., and Shrive, N.G., Prestressed Masonry - The Last Ten Years. Proceedings, 8th North American Masonry Conference (8NAMC), Austin, Texas, USA, June 1999, 12 p. (on CD).
Lissel, S.L., Tilleman, D., Sayed-Ahmed, E.Y., and Shrive, N.G., Testing of Diaphragm Walls Post-Tensioned with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP). Proceedings, 8th North American Masonry Conference (8NAMC), Austin, Texas, USA, June 1999, 12 p. (on CD).
Lissel, S., Tilleman, D., Sayed-Ahmed, E.Y., and Shrive, N.G., Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) Prestressed Masonry, Proceedings 8th Canadian Masonry Symposium, Jasper, Alberta, Canada, June, 1998, pp. 610-621.
Other non-reviewed publications
Guzman, M. J. and Lissel, S. L., Development of a digitally-controlled single-axis earthquake shake frame for masonry walls testing, Proceedings 6th International Conference on Earthquake Resistant Engineering Structures (ERES 2007), Bologna, Italy, June 2007, pp. 343-352.
Yuen, C.G. and Lissel, S. L., Flexural Bond Strength of Clay Brick Masonry, Proceedings 3rd International Conference on Computational Methods and Experiments in Material Characterisation, Bologna, Italy, June 2007, pp. 253-262.
Gayevoy, A., and Lissel, S.L., Structural Health Monitoring Of FRP Prestressed Masonry Walls. Proceedings, 6th CanSmart Meeting International Workshop, Montreal, Canada, October 2003, pp. 119-128. ABSTRACT REVIEWED
Shrive, N.G., Lissel, S.L., and Sayed-Ahmed, E.Y., Post-Tensioning Structural Masonry Using Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Tendons, Proceedings 9th International Colloquium on Structural and Geotechnical Engineering, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, 2001, 10 p. (on CD).
Sayed-Ahmed, E.Y., Lissel, S.L., Tadros, G., and Shrive, N.G., Design Procedures for Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Post-Tensioned Masonry Diaphragm Walls, Proceedings of the 2nd Middle East Symposium on Structural Composites for Infrastructure Applications: Getting to the 21st Century, Hurghada, Egypt, 1999, pp. 214-231.
2008 - Engineering Students' Society 1st and 2nd year teaching excellence award
2008 - SSE common core teaching excellence award
2007 - APEGGA SUMMIT Early Accomplishment Award
2006 - Department of Civil Engineering Professor of the Year (selected by the students)
2005 - Faculty Service Excellence Award
2005 - C. T. Grimm Award for the best paper related to the durability of masonry - 10th Canadian Masonry Symposium paper by M. Hagel and S. Lissel
2005 - Students' Union Teaching Excellence Award
2004 - Faculty Common Curriculum Teaching Excellence Award
2004 - Finalist, AsTech Leaders of Tomorrow Award
2003 - received a CFI's New Opportunities Award to establish a masonry research centre at U of C, which will be the only facility of its kind in western Canada